Bibliotheek etalage/library window: 'Positions: Elsewheres' (2) - Andrius Arutiunian en Anastastija (Nastija) Kiake

De bibliotheekcollectie van Stroom bevat een rijkdom aan materiaal dat verband houdt met het werk van de kunstenaars in Positions: Elsewheres. Daarom zullen we gedurende de expositieperiode in onze etalage steeds een deel uitlichten, dat verdieping en context biedt bij de presentatie van een of meer deelnemers. Dit keer de focus op thema's aangereikt door Andrius Arutiunian en Anastastija (Nastija) Kiake.

Stroom's library collection contains a wealth of material related to the work of the artists in Positions: Elsewheres. Therefore, during the exhibition period, our library window will highlight a section that provides depth and context to the presentation of one or more participants. This time we focus on themes suggested by Andrius Arutiunian en Anastastija (Nastija) Kiake.

CTRL [Space] : Rhetorics of Surveillance from Bentham to Big Brother / ed. by Thomas Y. Levin, Ursula Frohne, and Peter Weibel ; texts by Beatriz Colomina ; Harun Farocki ; Tom Holert [ al.]. - Karlsruhe ; Cambridge MA. : ZKM : The MIT Press, 2002. - 655 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Includes biographies of the artists and of the authors
ISBN: 0-262-62165-7
Taking as its point of departure an architectural drawing by Jeremy Bentham that became the model for an entire social regime, CTRL [SPACE] looks at the shifting relationships between design and power, imaging and oppression, from the eighteenth to the twenty-first centuries.
From the photographs taken with hidden cameras by Walker Evans and Paul Strand in the early twentieth century to the appropriation of military satellite technology by Marko Peljhan a hundred years later, the works of a wide range of artists have explored the dynamics of watching and being watched. With works by Victor Burgin, Ange Leccia , Bruce Nauman, Julia Scher [ al].

Vijandbeelden : De Veiligheidsdienst en de Democratie, 1912-1992 / auteur Constant Hijzen. - Amsterdam : Boom uitgevers, 2016. - 494 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Bevat noten, literatuur en persoonsregister
ISBN: 978-90-5875522-3
Nederland beschikt nu ruim 100 jaar over inlichtingen en veiligheidsdiensten. Dit boek onderzoekt hoe de veiligheidsdiensten en de democratie zich tot elkaar verhielden. Beginnend in 1912, in de aanloop naar de oprichting van de eerste veiligheidsdienst, en eindigend in 1992 - het jaar waarin de ‘nieuwe' Binnenlandse Veiligheidsdienst gelanceerd werd - komen in dit boek discussies en confrontaties aan bod. Deze hebben, steeds vanuit veranderende vijandbeelden, de Nederlandse veiligheidsdiensten gedefinieerd.

Borders : Contemporary Middle Eastern Art and Discourse
: Gemak, The Hague 2007-2009 / Robert Kluijver. - Den Haag : Gemeentemuseum Den Haag, 2010. - 136 p. : ill. ; 30 cm
ISBN:  -
Borders gives an overview of how artists and intellectuals from the Middle East and beyond come to terms with political conflict in their region. The impact of the obsession with security on their societies, new mechanisms to separate and control groups of people, the withering of public space, the loss of meaning of nationhood: these urgent themes are tentatively explored.

Nil Yalter : Exile is a Hard Job / editor Rita Kersting ; texts by Fabienne Dumont, Yilmaz Dziewior, Lauren Cornell & Övül Durmusoglu, Nil Yalter. Interview Rita Kersting. - Köln : Walther König, 2019. - 232 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.  - (De/Eng.)
Includes biography and bibliography
ISBN: 978-3-96098-547-1
After early paintings influenced by Suprematism, Nil Yalter realised collages and montages, in which she integrated photos, videos and drawings of labourers and migrants. With these works, created in the 1970s, she is considered a pioneer of socially engaged and technically advanced art. Yalter is an artist who places feminist issues and the theme of migration at the centre of her work and is thus of the greatest relevance, especially in this day and age.

New World Academy Reader #2 : Collective Struggle of Refugees. Lost. In Between. Together / ed. by Jonas Staal ; foreword by Maria Hlavajova ; with contr. by Yoonis Osman Nuur, Elke Uitentuis, Savannah Koolen, Cyriaque Kouenou, Martijn Stronks, Ahmet Ö?üt, Audrey Chan
ISBN: 978-90-77288-19-1
The New World Academy, founded by artist Jonas Staal and BAK, basis voor actuele kunst Utrecht, invites organizations invested in the progressive political project to collaborate with artists and students on the role of art at the center of political struggle. The second session of the New World Academy was taught by Yoonis Osman Nuur and Thomas, members of We Are Here, an organization of refugees who united in Amsterdam in order to bring their collective struggle in the Netherlands into public discussion. Consisting of 225 immigrants from approximately 15 countries, their search for asylum has failed, and yet for a variety of reasons they cannot be sent back to their countries of origin.

Borders / ed. by Welmer Keesmaat ; contr. by  David Maisel, Jeanne van Heeswijk, Daniel Traub , Piet den Blanken, Sanjit Das, Doris Frohnapfel, Tanja Ostojic, Borut Peterlin  ...[et al.]. - Den Haag : Tique, 2007. - 112 p. : ill. ; 30 cm . - (Yvi Magazine #1)
This first issue of Yvi Magazine is about borders - frontiers. In 116 pages, photographers, visual artists, designers and writers investigate a variety of perspectives, experiences and perceptions of borders. We encounter the ever-rising walls between nations and peoples, micro-nations, (bio)mapping, the journeys of African emigrants to Europe, gated communities, Europe's outer frontiers, the disappearance of the transition between city and country in China, the road to a European passport and much more.

Against Borders : The Case for Abolition / by Gracie Mae Bradley, Luke de Noronha. - New Left Books, 2022. - 192 p. ; 20 cm
ISBN: 9781839761959
According to Bradley and De Noronha borders harm us: they must be abolished. Borders divide workers and families, fuel racial division, and reinforce global disparities. They encourage the expansion of technologies of surveillance and control, which impact migrants and citizens both. Bradley and de Noronha tell what should by now be a simple truth: borders are not only at the edges of national territory, in airports, or at border walls. Borders are everyday and everywhere; they follow people around and get between us, and disrupt our collective safety, freedom and flourishing. is a passionate manifesto for border abolition, arguing that we must transform society and our relationships to one another, and build a world in which everyone has the freedom to move and to stay.

We Rule This City! : Architectuur en macht in Den Haag / concept and ed. Marcel Teunissen, Francien van Westrenen, Peter Zuiderwijk ; research Tim de Boer. - Den Haag : Stroom, 2008. - 144 p. : ill. ; 21 cm
ISBN: 978-90-73799-58-5
Publication on the theme of architecture and power in The Hague. In concurrence with the Day of Architecture 2008. In Dutch only.

Hito Steyerl : The City of Broken Windows / ed. by  Carolyn Christov-Bakargiev and Marianna Vecellio ; with contributions by Hito Steyerl,, Franco Berardi  ... [et al.]. -  Milan : Skira, 2018. - 207 p. : col.ill. ; 28 cm
Includes notes, biography, selected bibliography
ISBN: 978-88-572-4029-9
Publication accompanying a work of the same name presented at Castello di Rivoli, Italy (Nov 1, 2018 - Sep 1, 2019). The work stems from Steyerl's research into the practices of Artificial Intelligence industries, surveillance technologies and the contradictory roles Museums often play today. The book features new essays by Carolyn Christov-Bakargiev, Marianna Vecellio, Griselda Pollock and the artist herself,alongside images and a chronology of the artist's exhibitions and lectures. Also included is an anthology of essays and interviews from 1998 to the present.

Exiles, Diasporas and Strangers / edited by Kobena Mercer ; texts by Ikem Stanley Okoye, Amna Malik, Jean Fisher [ al.]. - London ; Cambridge, Mass. : Iniva (Institute of International Visual Arts) : The MIT Press, 2008. - 224 p. : ill. ; 23,5 cm. - (Annotating Art's Histories)
Includes bibliographical references
ISBN: 978-1-899846-45-0
Migration throws objects, identities and ideas into flux across a global network of travelling cultures. Examining life-changing journeys that transplanted artists and intellectuals from one cultural context to another, Exiles, Diasporas & Strangers offers a thematic overview of the critical and creative role of estrangement and displacement in the story of 20th-century art. Revealing the traumatic conditions that shaped numerous variants of modernism - among indigenous artists in Australia and Canada as much as émigré art historians from Central Europe - these critical studies also highlight multidirectional patterns of cross-appropriation that trouble the settled boundaries of national belonging.

Dark Matters : On the Surveillance of Blackness / author Simone Browne. - Durham : Duke University Press, 2015. - 212 p. : ills ; 23 cm
Includes bibliographical references and index
ISBN: 978-0-8223-5938-8
In Dark Matters Simone Browne locates the conditions of blackness as a key site through which surveillance is practiced, narrated, and resisted. She shows how contemporary surveillance technologies and practices are informed by the long history of racial formation and by the methods of policing black life under slavery, such as branding, runaway slave notices, and lantern laws. Placing surveillance studies into conversation with the archive of transatlantic slavery and its afterlife, Browne draws from black feminist theory, sociology, and cultural studies to analyze texts as diverse as the methods of surveilling blackness she discusses. The surveillance of blackness has long been, and continues to be, a social and political norm.

The Black Technical Object : On Machine Learning and the Aspiration of Black Being / by Ramon Amaro. - London : Sternberg Press, 2022. - 232 p. : ill. ; 21 cm
Includes notes
ISBN: 9783956795633
To impair the racial ordering of the world, The Black Technical Object introduces the history of statistical analysis and "scientific" racism into research on machine learning. Computer programming designed for taxonomic patterning, machine learning offers useful insights into racism and racist behavior, but its connection to the racial history of science and the Black lived experience has yet to be developed. In this book, Ramon Amaro explores how the history of data and statistical analysis informs the complex relationship between race and machine learning. He juxtaposes a practical analysis of this type of computerized learning with a theory of Black alienation in order to inspire alternative approaches to contemporary algorithmic practice. In doing so, Amaro contemplates the abstruse nature of programming and mathematics, as well as the deep incursion of racial hierarchies.

Evasions of Power : On the Architecture of Adjustment
/ edited by Katherine Carl, Aaron Levy, and Srdjan Jovanovic Weiss ; contributions by Carlos Basualdo, Anselm Franke, Jeanne van Heeswijk, Jill Magid, Eyal Weizman [ al.]. - Philidelphia ; Novi Sad : Slought Foundation : Normal Architecture Office (NAO), and - Centre for New Media, 2011. - 372 p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Includes bibliographical references and index
ISBN: 978-0981540948
Evasions of Power furthers ongoing discourse about human rights, geopolitical conflict, and territorial sovereignty, with contributions from an array of practitioners from fields including art, literature, philosophy, and architecture. Exploring overlooked urban zones, state borders, enclaves, and extra-territorial sites throughout the world, contributors probed contemporary perspectives on power and its evasions. The publication is the culmination of a 2007 symposium and subsequent research initiative jointly organized by Katherine Carl, Aaron Levy, and Srdjan Jovanovic Weiss. This initiative finds its physical form as a book that also functions as a resource for practitioners and proposes a series of extraordinary adjustments to ongoing discourses and practices regarding human rights, geopolitical conflict, and territorial sovereignty.

Check In / Check Uit : De digitalisering van de openbare ruimte / samenstelling en redactie Christian van 't Hof, Rinie van Est en Floortje Daemen (Rathenau Instituut). - Rotterdam : NAi Uitgevers, 2010. - 270 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Bevat geselecteerde literatuur
ISBN: 978-90-5662-740-9
Dit boek stelt kritische vragen over de digitalisering van de openbare ruimte. Wat kun je met al die apparaten als camera's, chipkaarten, en slimme mobieltjes? Hoeveel persoonlijke informatie willen we prijsgeven en wat moet er tegenover staan? De auteurs pleiten ervoor de gebruiker als uitgangspunt te nemen bij het beheren van zijn eigen identiteit.

Atlas of AI : Power, Politics, and the Planetary Costs of Artificial Intelligence / by Kate Crawford. -  New Haven ; London : Yale University, 2021. - 327 p. : ill. ; 21,5 cm
Includes notes, bibliography, index
ISBN: 9780300264630
What happens when artificial intelligence saturates political life and depletes the planet? How is AI shaping our understanding of ourselves and our societies? Drawing on more than a decade of research, scholar Kate Crawford reveals how AI is a technology of extraction: from the minerals drawn from the earth, to the labor pulled from low-wage information workers, to the data taken from every action and expression. This book reveals how this planetary network is fueling a shift toward undemocratic governance and increased inequity. Rather than taking a narrow focus on code and algorithms, Crawford offers a material and political perspective on what it takes to make AI and how it centralizes power. This is an urgent account of what is at stake as technology companies use artificial intelligence to reshape the world.

States of Statelessness / ed. by Irene de Craen ; contr. by Abdul Adan, Isshaq Albarbary, Nilüfer Koç ...[et al.]. - Amsterdam : in house icw Framer Framed, 2022. - 128 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. - (Errant Journal # 4, 2022)
Includes notes
ISBN: 9789083079325
Errant's 4th issue tackles the imaginary nature of the nation state, and looks into alternative forms of solidarity, community and belonging that are disconnected from or even antagonistic to this form of governance and in which a migrant or otherwise marginalized position can be seen as one of power and resistance. ‘States of Statelessness' delves into the diverse manners in which people respond to their precarious relations to nation and nationality in practical, poetic and community-based ways.

Close Up at a Distance : Mapping, Technology, and Politics
/ by Laura Kurgan. - New York : Zone Books, 2013. - 230 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Includes bibliographical references
ISBN: 978-1-935408284
The past decades have seen revolutionary shifts in our ability to navigate, inhabit, and define the spatial realm. The data flows that condition much of our lives now regularly include Global Positioning System (GPS) readings and satellite images of a quality once reserved for a few militaries and intelligence agencies, and powerful geographic information system (GIS) software is now commonplace. These new technologies have raised fundamental questions about the intersection between physical space and its representation, virtual space and its realization. Close Up at a Distance records situations of intense conflict and struggle, on the one hand, and fundamental transformations in our ways of seeing and of experiencing space, on the other. Using digital spatial hardware and software designed for military and governmental use in reconnaissance, secrecy, monitoring, ballistics, the census, and national security, Kurgan engages and confronts the politics and complexities of these technologies and their uses. At the intersection of art, architecture, activism, and geography, she uncovers, in her essays and projects, the opacities inherent in the recording of information and data and reimagines the spaces they have opened up.

Borderwall as Architecture : A Manifesto for the U.S. - Mexico Boundary / author Ronald Rael ; foreword Ted Cruz.. - Oakland : University of California Press, 2017. - 184 p. : ill. ; 21 cm
Includes indexes, notes, selected bibliography, biographies
ISBN: 978-0-520-28394-7
A re-examination of what the physical barrier that divides the United States of America from the United Mexican States is and could be. It is both a protest against the wall and a projection about its future. Through a series of propositions suggesting that the wall is an opportunity for economic and social development along the border that encourages its conceptual and physical dismantling, the book takes readers on a journey along a wall that cuts through a "third nation"—the Divided States of America. Coupled with these real-life accounts are counterproposals for the wall, created by Rael's studio, that reimagine, hyperbolize, or question the wall and its construction, cost, performance, and meaning. Rael proposes that despite the intended use of the wall, which is to keep people out and away, the wall is instead an attractor, engaging both sides in a common dialogue. Included is a collection of reflections on the wall and its consequences by leading experts Michael Dear, Norma Iglesias-Prieto, Marcello Di Cintio, and Teddy Cruz.

Lost in Media : Migrant Perspectives and the Public Sphere / ed. by Ismail Einashe, Thomas Roueché  ; contr. by Tania Bruguera, Moha Gerehou, Aleksandar Hemon, Lubaina Himid, Dawid Krawczyk, Antonija Letini?, Nesrine Malik, Nadifa Mohamed, Ece Temelkuran, Daniel Trilling, Menno Weijs, André Wilkens. - Amsterdam : Valiz, 2019. - 168 p. : ill. ; 21 cm
ISBN 978-94-92095-68-8
‘Lost in Media' gathers critical responses to the representations of migrants in the media in Europe through nine essays by prominent writers, artists and journalists. The starting point is the assertion that migrants have entered European countries, but they haven't entered the public sphere. When they do, it is as characters in other people's stories as something other. They are spoken about, but rarely asked. Pointed at, but rarely heard. Decided for, but rarely involved. We hardly ever hear from young migrants as legitimate voices. If migrants and refugees are to become fully recognized citizens of Europe, we believe they need to be participants in—rather than subjects of—the public debate. Lost in Media  is conceived from the ‘Displaced in Media' project and is created in cooperation with the European Cultural Foundation

A Thousand Eyes : Media Technology, Law and Aesthetics / edited by Marit Paasche & Judy Radul ; essays by Julie A. Cassiday, Costas Douzinas, Piyel Haldar, Martin Jay, Peter Goodrich, Richard Mohr, Judy Radul, Avital Ronell, Eyal Sivan, Cornelia Vismann ; artistic contributions by John Baldessari, Dan Graham, Harun Farocki, Stan Douglas, Aernout Mik, Agency, Judy Radul, Renzo Martens, Ana Torfs, The Atlas Group, René Magritte, Model Court, Rana Hamadeh, Thomas Demand, Les Levine. - Berlin : Sternberg Press, 2011. - 276 p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Includes bibliographical references
ISBN: 978-1-934105-66-5
The law is increasingly staged on a screen and the photographs, video documents, audio recordings used as evidence are not entirely distinct from their correlates in contemporary art, cinema and mass media. What questions of representation, judgment and justice cross borders between art and the law? Through the contribution of internationally renowned artists and scholars, this anthology explores how the aesthetics of new media technology and its spatial implementations affect the judicial system in relation to fundamental concepts such as truth and representation.

An Atlas of Radical Cartography / edited by Lize Mogel and Alexis Bhagat ; text Jai Sen, Trevor Paglen, Alejandro de Acosta [ al.]. - Los Angeles : The Journal of Aesthetics & Protest Press, 2007
I: 10 Essays. - 157 p. : ill. ; 19 cm
II: 10 Maps. - krtn. ; 19 cm
A collection of ten maps and ten essays about social issues from globalization to garbage; surveillance to extraordinary renditions; statelessness to visibility; deportation to migration.

Becoming Tarden / by Jill Magid ; edited by the Dutch secret service. - New York : in house, 2010 (2009). - 184 p. ; 21 cm
In 2005, Jill Magid was commissioned by the Dutch secret service (AIVD) to create a work that would "reveal the human face" of the organization. During the next three years she met with 18 agents who volunteered to be interviewed, but remained anonymous even to her. The project resulted in a variety of forms, among them te exhibition 'Article 12' at Stroom Den Haag (April 20 to June 15, 2008) and her non-fiction novel, 'Becoming Tarden'. Forty percent of the manuscript was censored by the AIVD in 2008. After legal negotiations with the organization, Magid agreed to let it seize the uncensored body of the book after being exposed—under glass and out of reach—from her solo exhibition 'Authority to Remove' at the Tate Modern in London, 2009-10. The redacted paperback edition of Becoming Tarden was published later that year and first shown at The New Museum in the exhibition 'Free'.

Democracy in the Political Present : A Queer-Feminist Theory / by Isabell Lorey. - London ; New York : Verso, 2022. - 240 p. ; 21 cm
Includes notes, bibliography, index
ISBN: 9781839767333
"Presentist democracy is without a people and without nation. Rather than regimes of borders and migration, its borders are sexism and racism, homo- and transphobia, colonialism and extractivism." In the midst of the crises and threats to liberal democracy, Isabell Lorey develops a democracy in the present tense; one which breaks open political certainties and linear concepts of progress and growth. Her queer feminist political theory formulates a fundamental critique of masculinist concepts of the people, representation, institutions, and the multitude. In doing so, she unfolds an original concept of a presentist democracy based on care and interrelatedness, on the irreducibility of responsibilities, one which cannot be conceived of without social movements' past struggles and current practices.

Doe zelf normaal : menselijk recht in tijden van datasturing en natuurgeweld / door Maxim Februari. - Amsterdam : Prometheus, 2023. - 144 p. ; 20 cm
Bevat noten, literatuurlijst
ISBN: 9789044650853
Onder invloed van de klimaatverandering en met name intelligente technologieën verandert de democratische rechtsstaat volgens Februari. Natuur en technologie sturen het beleid en nemen beslissingen voor ons. Het is volgens hem de vraag of we zelf ons gedrag nog kunnen blijven normeren. Naar zijn mening dreigt veel kennis over de toekomst bij deskundigen en aan universiteiten te blijven hangen. Hij acht het tijd die kennis daar op te halen en een publiek gesprek te voeren over de veranderingen die op ons afkomen.

Spying with Maps : Surveillance Technologies and the future Privacy / Mark Monmonier. - Chicago : The University of Chicago Press, 2002. - 239 p. : ill. : krtn. ; 22 cm
Includes bibliographical references
ISBN: 0-226-53427-8
Security cameras, ATMs, tollbooth EZ-Passes, and credit-card terminals archive a person's movements and transactions, and some of the data are being cached in "data warehouses" for as-needed snooping. Match this with satellite surveillance and the imminent embedding of GPS technology in cell phones and possibly beneath a person's skin, and Big Brother's technology looks positively primitive. Monmonier explains the trade-offs of each particular data system, noting their specialized applications for agriculture, forest fires, storms, traffic, tax assessment, electoral redistricting, crime control, and more. But he also explains that "geographic information systems" can integrate separate domains of data, to the delight of marketers.

Forensic Architecture :  Violence at the threshold of detectability / by Eyal Weizman. - New York : Zone Books, 2017. - 368 p. : ills ; 23 cm
Includes notes
ISBN: 978-1935408864
In recent years, the group Forensic Architecture  a research agency, based at Goldsmiths, University of London, began using novel research methods to undertake a series of investigations into human rights abuses. Today, the group provides crucial evidence for international courts and works with a wide range of activist groups, NGOs, Amnesty International, and the UN. In Forensic Architecture, Eyal Weizman, the group's founder, provides, for the first time, an in-depth introduction to the history, practice, assumptions, potentials, and double binds of this practice. The book includes an extensive array of images, maps, and detailed documentation that records the intricate work the group has performed.

De Appel Reader N° 3 : On Patrol - Beveiligingsmagie : Bijdragen tot actuele artistieke theorievorming = Contributions to a topical artistic discourse / red. Saskia Bos, Edna van Duyn, Henk Slager, Theo Tegelaers. - Amsterdam : De Appel, 2005. - 56 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
With Nicoline van Harskamp, Jill Magid, Marc Bijl [ al.]

[inaudible] A Politics of Listening in 4 Acts
/ artist's book by Lawrence Abu Hamdan ; with contributions by Lawrence Abu Hamdan, Emily Apter, Giovanni Carmine, Omar Kholeif, Fabian Schöneich. - Berlin : Sternberg Press, 2016. - 68 p. : ill. ; 16 cm
ISBN: 978-3-95679-241-0
A "politics of listening" is an intervention into and a reorganization of forms that listening takes rather than a call for free speech or for a platform for voices to be heard. In his art and research, Beirut-based artist Lawrence Abu Hamdan explores the perception of language, sound, and listening. National identity, human rights, and the administration of justice are recurrent themes in his work. The techniques used in his audio-aesthetic practice have been used to conduct forensic audio analysis for several legal investigations. This monograph includes a series of transcripts of live speech from sermons, monologues, testimonies, and interviews made over the course of the last five years.

Blank Spots On The Map : The Dark Geography of the Pentagon's Secret World / by Trevor Paglen. - New York : New American Library, 2009. - 325 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Includes bibliographical references and index
ISBN: 978-0-451229168
Artist and geographer Paglen explores the clandestine activities of the U.S. military and the CIA, giving readers a thorough and provocative tour of places that officially do not exist. His research into areas that officially "don't exist" leads him on a globe-trotting adventure into a vast, undemocratic, and uncontrolled black empire--the unmarked spots on a map, where our military conducts its most clandestine operations. Run by an amorphous group of government agencies and private companies, this empire's annual budget is over $40 billion, yet almost no one knows how it works or what it does.

Trevor Paglen : Visiting the Planetarium - Images of the Black World / texts by Brian Holmes, Andras Palffy. - Wien : Secession, 2010. - 56 p. : ill. ; 31 cm
Includes biography and bibliography
ISBN: 978-3-902592-35-4
The work of American artist, writer and experimental geographer Trevor Paglen centres on a political and aesthetic engagement with the covert activities of the U.S. secret services and military, collectively known by the name "Black World". His motto might well be: "Make the invisible visible". His work is based on attentive observation, meticulous research and extensive data collection. To realize his works - mostly photographs and video pieces - Paglen uses technologically advanced equipment including the kind of special cameras and precision telescopes utilized in space photography. In this way, he is able to photograph, from great distances, classified military facilities buffered by huge areas of restricted land, or, using long exposures, to document the flight paths - and thus the existence - of satellites. Cooperation with international amateur networks of aircraft and satellite spotters and the information they provide form the basis for identifying the satellites and orbits used by the CIA for its seamless surveillance of the world.

False Positives / photobook by Esther Hovers ; text by Sophie Wright. - Amsterdam : Fw: Books, 2017. - 48 pages (leporello) : ill. ; 35 cm
ISBN: 978-94-90119-57-7
False Positives is about intelligent surveillance systems. These are camera's that are said to be able to detect deviant behaviour within public space. False Positives is set around the question of normative behaviour. It aims to raise this question by basing the project on eight different ‘anomalies'. These so called anomalies are sign in body-language and movement that could indicate criminal intent. It is through these anomalies the algorithms are built and cameras are able to detect deviant behaviour. The eight different anomalies were pointed out to by several intelligent surveillance experts with whom the artist collaborated for this project.

Empire : The New World Order / by Antonio Negri and Michael Hardt. - Cambridge (MA.) ; London : Harvard University, 2001. - 478 p. ; 23 cm
Includes notes, index
ISBN: 0674006712
‘Empire', a renowned book on globalization and geopolitics by Post Marxist thinkers Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri. The main thesis of the book is that in the globalization era a new form of capitalist sovereignty is emerging, which Hardt and Negri call ‘Empire'. Hardt and Negri elaborate a variety of ideas surrounding constitutions, global war, and class. Hence, the Empire is constituted by a monarchy (the United States and the G8, and international organizations such as NATO, the International Monetary Fund or the World Trade Organization), an oligarchy (the multinational corporations and other nation-states) and a democracy (the various non-government organizations and the United Nations). Part of the book's analysis deals with ‘imagin[ing] resistance, but "the point of Empire is that it, too, is "total" and that resistance to it can only take the form of negation - "the will to be against".[-]The Empire is total, but economic inequality persists, and as all identities are wiped out and replaced with a universal one, the identity of the poor persists."

New Dark Age : Technology and the End of the Future / by James Bridle. - London : Verso, 2019. - 304 p. : ills. ; 20 cm
Includes bibliographical references and index
ISBN: 9781786635488
As the world around us increases in technological complexity, our understanding of it diminishes. Despite the apparent accessibility of information, we seem to be living in a new ‘Dark Age', lost in a sea of information, increasingly divided by fundamentalism, simplistic narratives, conspiracy theories, and post-factual politics. Artist and writer James Bridle surveys the history of art, technology and information systems, trying to reveal the "dark clouds that gather over our dreams of the digital sublime".